Basic Steps in Making Wine

Champagne, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc-these are just some of the beverages you can enjoy during parties and other formal celebrations. Haven't you ever wondered how these refreshments attain their rich and distinctive flavour? These drinks attain their unique taste not only because of the ingredients used, but also because of the systematic process used in making them. Makers usually incorporate the following processes:

1. Harvesting

The commonly used ingredient for wine is grapes. This is because it has consistent and stable acids, esters, and tannins. For this reason, the farming and harvesting of the grapes are done at a specific time and season. The actual selection process can either be performed mechanically or manually. However, it is best done by hand since machines do not have the senses for determining the quality of each grape.

2. Crushing and Pressing

Once the fruits have been carefully selected, the next step would be to extract the juices. Traditionally, the main ingredient is placed in a large barrel wherein men and women literally stomp the grape to create must. But since there is the risk of bacterial contamination, machines have taken over the crushing and pressing procedure in order to achieve consistent quality through a sterile and hygienic process. In fact, it can improve the consistency and longevity of the beverage.

3. Fermentation

Basically, this the most crucial process since most (or all) the sugar is converted into alcohol. Sweeter wines are a result of an incomplete fermentation and, as such, the bitter ones have stronger alcohol content. It is also the longest and most meticulous step since natural or wild yeast is added in order to maintain the consistency of the drink. Climate also plays a key role since it helps sustain the quality.

4. Clarification

Once fermentation is complete, makers siphon the beverage from one tank to another to get rid of the pomace, which is basically damaged or spoilt residue. Another way of getting rid of these substances is through filtering or fining.

5. Ageing and Bottling

Believe it or not, packaging is also crucial in order to preserve the consistency of the drink. Ideally, the ageing can be done in the bottle, ceramic tanks, wooden ovals, or even small barrels called barriques.

If you are a connoisseur of fine wine, you can enjoy a bottle or two when staying at a vacation home in Villazamani. Check out the rest of this website now and find the perfect accommodation for you!


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